February 22, 2016

Adham Khan Tomb - Delhi

Site Name: Adham Khan Tomb
Site Type: Tomb, Monument
Location:  Mehrauli, Delhi, India
Highlights: Historical significance

Nearest Railway Station: Delhi
Nearest Airport: Delhi
How to reach: Well connected by road, rail and air

Hotel: A lot of options are available within Delhi city
Restaurants: Many options and varieties across the city

Delhi, the capital city India, has so many interesting monuments. If you love history and monuments, you need at least four years to visit all the monuments in Delhi, provided you visit just one monument per day. Yes, there are about 1300 monuments in Delhi. Let us explore about one historical monument called Adham Khan Tomb in this article.

Location

Adham Khan Tomb is located near Qutb Minar and in front of the Mehrauli bus stand. 


History

Who is Adham Khan? Akbar was the Mughal Emperor, who ruled the most part of India in the 16th century CE. Maham Anga, the wet nurse of Akbar, was often referred as the foster mother of Akbar. Adham Khan was the younger son of Maham Anga. 

Maham Anga was politically very influential. After the removal of Bairam Khan, Adham Khan was appointed as the Mughal general. He was sent to Malwa. He defeated the Malwa Sultan and captured it. The battle is called as Battle of Sarangpur. It happened in 1561 CE. He sent only few elephants to Akbar and kept the rest of acquired treasure with himself. Akbar personally marched to Sarangpur and recalled Adham Khan from Malwa. 


Ataga Khan, who was seen as the favourite general of Akbar, was appointed as the prime minister in 1561 CE. Maham Anga and Adham Khan did not like this. On 16th May 1562 CE, Adham Khan accompanied by few men murdered Ataga Khan. Then, Adham Khan rushed to the inner chambers of the palace where he was caught by Akbar. As per his order, Adham Khan was thrown down twice from the ramparts of the Agra Fort. 

Maham Anga was affected badly due to demise of her son. She also died within few days.

Akbar built the tomb (mausoleum) of Adham Khan in Mehrauli, where both he and his mother were buried. 


Architecture and Layout

You might have seen the popular Bollywood movie 'Bhul Bhulaiya'. If you want to visit 'Bhul Bhulaiya', you need to go to Delhi. Adham Khan's Tomb is also called as Bhul Bhulaiya, which means labyrinth, as there is a possibility for the first time visitor to lose his way amidst the several passages.

Adham Khan's Tomb is an octagonal domed structure with a verandah on each side pierced by three openings. The tomb is enclosed in an octagonal shaped outer wall. This particular architectural style of Mughals is unique as it is generally seen as the style of Lodis. 

In 1800s, a British officer removed the grave and converted this into his house. Then, it was converted into Post Office and Police Station. It was later restored by Lord Curzon, the Viceroy of India.

Today, this monument is used by the locals more as a meeting point or to play cricket.

Happy travelling. 











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