March 1, 2016

Alauddin Khalji's Tomb - Qutb Complex, Delhi

Site Name: Alauddin Khalji's Tomb
Site Type: Monument
Location:  Qutb Minar Complex, Mehrauli, Delhi, India
Highlights: Tomb and Madrasa together for the first time in India

Nearest Railway Station: Delhi
Nearest Airport: Delhi
How to reach: Well connected by road, rail and air

Hotel: A lot of options are available within Delhi city
Restaurants: Many options and varieties across the city

Delhi, the capital city of India, is famous for monuments. It has around 1300 monuments. Qutb Minar is one of the most popular monuments in Delhi. In Qutb Minar complex, apart from Qutb Minar, there are so many other monuments also located. Let us discuss about few monuments in this complex that were built by Alauddin Khalji.

History

The Slave Dynasty ruled Delhi till 1290 CE. Firuz Shah of the Khalji tribe captured the throne in 1290 CE and thus started the Khalji Dynasty's rule in Delhi. Alaud-Din of Khalji was the popular King in Khalji Dynasty. He laid the foundation of Siri, which was the second city of Delhi. 

He was one of the most cruel kings of India. Had he suspected anyone as a threat to his powers, he did not hesitate to kill them along with their entire family members including women and children. It is said that he had once slaughtered around 30,000 people in a single day in Delhi. To retain power, he had even killed his own family members. 

Alauddin Khalji's Tomb and Madrasa

Alaud-Din Khalji's desires had no limit. He conquered most parts of India. He killed millions of innocent people and his soldiers. He did not stop with that. He wanted to expand the Quwwat-ul-Islam mosque, which he did. He wanted to construct a new Minar double the size of Qutb Minar, but he failed. In addition, he also wanted to build a madrasa (Islamic religious school) next to Quwwat mosque.

Today, the madrasa is in a dilapidated state. It also houses Alauddin Khalji's tomb. He was the first Indian ruler to follow the tradition of building the tomb within a madrasa. The domes of madrasa have not yet falled off; however the complex is in ruined state. 

The extension that was done by Alauddin Khalji to the complex are also in ruins. There are many tombs of unidentified people, a mosque in dilapidated state and also a well are located in this section. 

Happy travelling. 






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