July 21, 2012

Agra Fort

Site Name: Agra Fort
Site Type: Monument, Historical, Heritage, Fort, Palace
Location:  Agra, Uttar Pradesh State, near New Delhi, India
Highlights: One of the most important monuments of India; a fine example of Mughal architecture
Nearest Railway Station: Agra
Nearest Airport: Delhi
How to reach: Well connected by road and rail

Hotel: A lot of options are available within Agra city
Restaurants: Many options and varieties across the city

Agra city in India - I doubt if there is any traveler across the entire world who would have not heard about this city. The city is a popular international tourist destination due to Taj Mahal, which is considered as a world wonder. Agra Fort, located at a distance of around 2.5 kms from Taj Mahal, is an equally important but not equally popular monument in Agra city.

History:

The fort was originally a brick fort held by Rajputs in 11th century AD. Sikandar Lodi shifted to this fort in 16th century AD. His son Ibrahim Lodi held the fort till 1526 AD. He built several palaces and a mosque inside the fort. After the first battle of Panipat in 1526 AD, it was captured by Babur, the first Mughal emperor of India. He also built a step well. His son, Humayun was crowned in this fort in 1530 AD. It was then captured by Sher Shah Suri and again by Humayun. After that, it was captured by Hemu. Ultimately, Humayun's son Akbar made Agra as his capital and started living in the fort. He rebuilt the fort with red sandstone. It took eight years for him to complete the structure. However, it was only during the period of Shah Jahan, Akbar's grandson, that the site took on its current state.



Layout and Structure:

The fort is spread for about 94 acres. There are four gates to the fort. Two of them are important and are referred as Delhi Gate and Lahore Gate. It is believed that there were around 400 buildings inside the fort during the period of Akbar. However, many of those buildings were destroyed by later Mughal emperors and the British. Still, there are many architecturally beautiful structures present inside the fort even today.

The geometrically arranged garden called Anguri Bagh, the hall of public audience called as Diwan-i-Am, the hall of private audience aka Diwan-i-Khas, Jahangiri Mahal, the white marble palace called as Khas Mahal, Moti Masjid, Rang Mahal and Sheesh Mahal - a room with full of mirror like glass decorations are some of the important buildings inside the fort.


Agra Fort is an important part of Indian history. If you go to Agra, do not stop yourself from just visiting Taj Mahal. Also visit this extraordinary master piece.


Happy travelling.




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