July 4, 2016

Tirukkolur

Site Name: Vaithamanidhi Perumal Temple 
Site Type: Hindu ancient temple
Location:  4 kms from Alwar Tirunagiri, in Tirunelveli-Tiruchendur route, 29 kms from Tirunelveli, Tamil Nadu state, India
Highlights: One of Nava Tirupati temples and a Divya Desam
Nearest Railway Station: Tirunelveli
Nearest Airport: Madurai
How to reach: Well connected by road from Tirunelveli, Tiruchendur and Tuticorin
Hotel: Few options in Alwar Tirunagiri; for better options, go to Tirunelveli, Tiruchendur or Tuticorin - all of them are located within the range of 30-35 kms
Restaurants: Few options in Alwar Tirunagiri; for better options, go to Tirunelveli, Tiruchendur or Tuticorin - all of them are located within the range of 30-35 kms

Tirukkolur is a small village located near Tirunelveli city in Tamil Nadu state of India. The village has a prominent temple for Vishnu called as Vaithamanidhi Perumal TempleIt is considered as the 96th Divya Desam located in the Pandya region. There are nine Vishnu temples on the banks of the river Tamrabharani, which are popularly called as Nava Tirupatis. This site is the Third 'Nava Tirupati' temple (one among nine important Vishnu temples in Tirunelveli-Tiruchendur route).  Let us explore about this temple in this article.

Highlights:

  • Nammalwar has sung Pasuram about this site in his verses.
  • It is considered as the 96th Divya Desam temple. It is located in Pandya region.
  • It is considered as the Third Nava Tirupati temple.
  • It is the birthplace of Madhurakavi Alwar
  • God Vaithamanidhi Perumal
  • Goddess Kumuda Valli  and Kolur Valli
  • Utsav - Nikshoba Vithan
  • Teerth (holy water) - Kubera Teerth
  • Vimana Srikara Vimana

Legend:

Kuber lost all his nine types of wealth called as Nava Nidhi, due to a curse from Parvati. He got back all his wealth after praying to Vishnu in this site. 

It is also believed that Dharmaraja prayed to Vishnu here to defeat Adharma and hence the deity is also called as Adharma Pishunam.


History:

It is a Pandya period temple with additions done by later rulers.


Temple Layout:

The east facing temple does not have tower. The sanctum enshrines Vishnu found reclining on Sesha. Vishnu is called as Vaithamanidhi Perumal in this temple. He has mirror in his left arm and is searching for the wealth of Kuber, which he had lost. He has the wooden measurement tool called as Marakkal as his pillow to measure the wealth discovered by him. Bhrigu Rishi is found near his feet. The Nidhi (wealth) that was found out by Vishnu is also found in the sanctum.


The festival (utsav) deity is called as Nikshoba Vithan; he is found along with his two consorts Sri Devi and Bhoo Devi in the sanctum.

The Ardha Mandap is big and it houses the sub shrines of Alwars and Vishwaksena. 

The Maha Mandap is long and has many pillars. 

The idol of Garud is slightly bigger in size. The flag staff and bali peeth are found along with the shrine of Garud.

In the prakara, the shrines of the Goddesses Kumuda Valli and Kolur Valli are located. (There is no Andal shrine in Nava Tirupati temples. Lakshmi and Bhoo Devi are found in the prakaras with unique names, instead of Lakshmi and Andal.)

The shrine of Narasimha is also found in this temple.

Happy travelling.

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