November 7, 2009

The Lord gets married daily - Nitya Kalyana Perumal Temple, Chennai, India


Site Name: Nitya Kalyana Perumal Temple
Site Type: Hindu ancient temple
Location:   Tiruvidandai area, ECR, Near Chennai, Tamil Nadu state, India
Highlights: Varaha temple; one of 108 Divya Deshams

Nearest Railway Station: Chennai
Nearest Airport: Chennai
How to reach: Well connected by road from Chennai and Mamallapuram
Hotel: A lot of options across ECR
Restaurants:  A lot of options across ECR

Chennai city, the gateway to South India, has a lot of temples. Many of them are ancient temples and few of them are well known even outside Chennai. Nitya Kalyana Perumal Temple is not very popular, but an important temple that is located in the outskirts of Chennai. It is located in a village called Tiruvidandai on the popular East Coast Road (ECR) between Chennai and Mamallapuram. The distance is 42 kms from Chennai and 16 kms from Mamallapuram. Let us discuss about this peaceful temple in this article. 


Highlights:


  • Tirumangai Alwar has sung 13 Pasurams about this temple in his verses.
  • Manavala Mamunigal has also sung hymns about this deity.
  • It is considered as the 62nd Divya Desham temple. It is located in Tondai region.
  • In the olden days, it was also called as Sripuri and Varaha Puri
  • There are 360 consorts for Vishnu in this site.
  • God Aadi Varaha Perumal or Lakshmi Varaha Perumal ; Utsava deity - Nitya Kalyana Perumal
  • Goddess Komalavalli
  • Teerth (holy water) - Kalyana Teerth
  • Vimana Kalyana Vimana


Legend:

Tiru Idathu Eanthai

In this temple, Varaha is found holding Lakshmi on his left side. Hence, the village obtained the name "Tiru Idathu Eanthai" which means "the deity holding Lakshmi on his left side". The name of the site got converted as Tiruvidandai later. 

360 Consorts


As per the legend, the sage Klava had 360 daughters. He wanted Vishnu to marry all his daughters. Vishnu appeared in the form of a Brahmachari and married each girl daily throughout the year.  At last, all of them merged into one form, which is Lakshmi. Hence, Vishnu in this site is called as Nitya Kalyana Perumal. 

As per another version, the name of the first girl was Komalavalli, who is found as the presiding Goddess in a separate shrine. 

Temple Layout:


The east facing temple does not have a tower. It is located in a serene and peaceful locality with the beach in the walking distance.

The sanctum enshrines Lakshmi Varaha Perumal with Lakshmi on his left side. His foot is placed on the heads of Nagaraj and his consort. 

The sanctum also enshrines the festival (utsav) idols of Nitya Kalyana Perumal in the standing posture with his consorts Sri Devi and Bhoo Devi on his either sides. 

Komalavalli is found in a separate shrine in the prakara. Her idol looks extremely beautiful. 

The temple also houses the sub-shrines of Andal, Ranganath with his two consorts and Ranganayaki. The idols of Ganesh, Vaishnavi, Ramanuja, Krishna, Alwars, Satyan, Aniruddha, Acchuta and others are also found in the temple. 

The flag staff, bali peeth and Garud are found facing towards the sanctum. 

Happy travelling. 



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