October 31, 2015

Brahmesvara Temple - Bhubaneswar

Site Name: Brahmesvara Temple 
Site Type: Hindu ancient temple
Location:   Bhubaneswar city, Odisha state, India
Highlights: One of the most important and beautiful ancient temples of Bhubaneswar
Nearest Railway Station: Bhubaneswar
Nearest Airport: Bhubaneswar
How to reach: Well connected by road, rail and air
Hotel: There are many options across the city
Restaurants: Varieties of options

Bhubaneswar, which is the capital city of Odisha (formerly Orissa) state of India, is called as 'the City of Temples'. It once had around 3000 temples and even today hundreds of temples are located in every nook and corner of this heritage rich city. The city is called as Ekamara Kshetra as it has so many Shiva temples. Let us explore Brahmesvara Temple, one of the most important and beautiful temples of Bhubaneswar, in this article.


Location:

Brahmesvara temple is located on the right side of the Tankapani Road leading from Ravi Talkies square to Tankapani. It is located very near to another popular temple, Raja Rani Temple. Refer the route map given in the article for exact location.

Introduction:

Brahmesvara temple is one of the important temples of Bhuabneswar. The temple is a living temple and enshrines Shiva Linga. The temple is lavishly sculpted and is one of the most beautiful temples of Bhubaneswar.


History:

Brahmesvara temple was built by Kolavati Devi, the mother of the Somavamshi King Udyotakesari during the 18th year of his reign. It corresponds to the year 1060 CE

Temple Layout:

Brahmesvara temple is facing the east direction. It has Vimana of rekha order and the Jagamohana of Pidha order. It is a Panchayatana temple and the main temple is surrounded by four shrines at four corners. All those shrines as well as the two shrines outside the complex wall of the temple are of rekha order.

The main shrine enshrines the Shiva Linga idol called as Brahmesvara. The four shrines that surround the main shrine also enshrine Shiva Linga idols. However, the two shrines that are located outside do not have any deity. 

The vimana of the main shrine is Pancharatha on plan and Panchangabada in elevation. The Jagamohana is Pancharatha on plan and Triangabada in elevation. The entrance has the relief images of Dwarapalas and Navagraha panel at the top. 

The vimana and the exterior walls are intricately carved with a lot of designs and sculptures. The bada or lower part of the temple is decorated with sculptural motifs and scrollwork. The bada portion also has khakharamundi niches which house the deities such as Nataraja, Ekapada Bhairava, Veenadhara, Ardhanareeswara, Parvati, Kartikeya, etc. Also, there are many beautiful sculptures such as amorous couples, Nayikas found all over the exterior wall. The bada of the Jagamohana is decorated with khakhara mundi niches which house the eight Dikpalas. Two balustrated windows carved with female figures in different graceful postures on either side of the bada portion of the Jagamohana are very attractive. Different animals such as elephants, lions, etc. and various birds are also depicted as sculptures.

The interior of the Vimana is plain whereas the jagamohana ceiling is carved with the lotus medallion surrounded by sculptural friezes of different scenes such as deer hunting, royal procession, etc. Apart from Muktesvara temple, it is yet another temple which is seen rarely with the carvings in the inner ceiling.

Happy travelling.




















October 24, 2015

Porbandar

Site Name: Porbandar
Site Type: Historical and religious site
Location:  Gujarat state, India
Highlights: Birth place of Gandhiji
Nearest Railway Station: Porbandar
Nearest Airport: Porbandar
How to reach: Well connected by road from all important towns/cities of Gujarat
Hotel: A lot of options across the city
Restaurants: Varieties of options across the city

Porbandar is an important tourist attraction located in Gujarat state in India. The most important site in Porbandar is the birth place of Mahatma Gandhiji.  Let me briefly present the descriptions of all the important sites of Porbandar in this article. As I visited the place many years ago, I do not have digital photographs of the site. Also, I am unable to provide detailed description of the site. Hence, this article from mine will be unusually brief.

Kirti Mandir:

The main attraction of Porbandar is Kirti Mandir. It is a three storeyed building where the ancestral house of Mahatma Gandhiji was located. The exact brith place of Gandhiji in this house is marked with a swastik symbol. 

Near Kirti Mandir, the Gandhian library, a prayer hall and other buildings related to Gandhiji are found.

Behind Kirti Mandir, there is Navi Khadki. It is the site where Kasturba, Mahatma Gandhiji's wife was born.

Sudama Temple:

Incidentally, the birth place of Mahatma Gandhiji is the birth place of Sudama also. Sudama was the poor man and dear friend of Lord Kirshna. It is believed that he was born in Porbandar. Hence, the city was called as Sudamapuri in the olden days. There used to be a old temple for Sudama in those days. In the exact site where the old temple was located, in the beginning of 20th century CE, the current temple of Sudama was erected. 

The marble temple architecture is simple and it is a small temple. The main shrine enshrines Sudama and his wife. 

Happy travelling.


Vijaya Raman Temple - Thanjavur

Site Name: Vijaya Rama Temple
Site Type: Hindu temple 
Location:  Mela Masi Veethi (West Main Street), Tanjore city, Tamil Nadu state, India
Highlights: An old temple of Ram in the locality
Nearest Railway Station: Tanjore
Nearest Airport: Trichy
How to reach: Well connected by road and rail
Hotel: A lot of options across the entire Tanjore city
Restaurants: A lot of options across the entire Tanjore city

Those who know about Thanjavur (Tanjore) city in South India know mainly about the great Brahadeeswarar Temple built by Raja Raja Chola around 1000 years back. However, there are many rare and interesting sites found across the entire city. Let us explore about an interesting temple named Vijaya Rama temple in this article.

The West Main Street, which is called a Mela Masi Veethi in Tamil language, is a well known locality for the citizens of Thanjavur. If someone wants to explore Thanjavur beyond the Big temple, he/she can start with this street. Bangaru Kamakshi temple is located in this street. The very next structure of this temple is Navaneetha Krishnan temple. Few buildings away from the Krishnan temple, there is a temple dedicated to Ram called as Vijaya Raman Temple. This temple is under the administration of Thanjavur Palace Trust.

Vijaya Raman temple is south facing temple has a colorful 5-tiered Raja gopuram (tower). The tower if full of stucco images of Vaishnaivite tradition and there are some erotic sculptures too.

The temple belongs to Nayakas period and must be 300-350 years old. The moolasthan (sanctum sanctorum) enshrines small idols of Ram along with Sita, Lakshman and Hanuman. The temple has just one prakara (circumabulatory passage). A small shrine with Garuda is found facing towards the main deity. Also, there is a small sub-shrine dedicated to Hanuman in this temple.

Happy travelling.


Raja Rani Temple - Bhubaneswar


Site Name: Raja Rani Temple 
Site Type: Hindu ancient temple
Location:   Bhubaneswar city, Odisha state, India
Highlights: One of the most important and beautiful ancient temples of Bhubaneswar
Nearest Railway Station: Bhubaneswar
Nearest Airport: Bhubaneswar
How to reach: Well connected by road, rail and air
Hotel: There are many options across the city
Restaurants: Varieties of options

Bhubaneswar, which is the capital city of Odisha (formerly Orissa) state of India, is called as 'the City of Temples'. It once had around 3000 temples and even today hundreds of temples are located in every nook and corner of this heritage rich city. The city is called as Ekamara Kshetra as it has so many Shiva temples. Let us explore Raja Rani Temple, one of the most important and beautiful temples of Bhubaneswar, in this article.


Location:

Raja Rani temple is located in Tanjkapani Road near Ravi Talkies square. Refer the route map given in the article for exact location.

Introduction:

Raja Rani temple is one of the most beautiful temples of Bhuabneswar. Some features of the temple are unique which make this temple as outstandingly attractive. It is located in the middle of open paddy fields, which increases its elegance. 

The temple does not have any deity currently. Based on the architecture and iconography of the temple, it is classified as the Shaiva temple. As per few historians, the temple was originally called as Indreswara. Later, the temple might have derived the name Raja Rani. As the temple was built by a type of sandstone called Rajarani, it is believed that the temple derived this name.

History:

Raja Rani temple is dated to late 10th century or early 11th century CE. It was built by the Somavamshi Kings.

Temple Layout:

Raja Rani temple is facing the east direction. The temple has sanctum sanctorum with Vimana and Jagamohana. There is no deity found inside the temple.  It has rekha Vimana and Pidha order Jagamohana. The temple is Triangabada in elevation.

The projecting entrance of the temple has round thick columns entwined by Naga sculptures on either sides.  Apart from them, two relief images of Shaiva Dwarapalas at the doorjambs, Lakulisa in the lintel at the entrance and the Navagraha panel above the lintel are all found at the entrance.

The Vimana is spectacularly ornate. The images of ladies found in the Vimana and the exterior walls of the sanctum sanctorum are extremely elegant. The ladies images are found in different postures such as holding children, looking in mirrors, playing some musical instruments, playing with pet birds, erotic postures along with men, holding hands of short women, etc. 

The corner projections on the base of the exterior walls of the temple have the sculptures of Ashta Digpalas namely Indra, Agni, Yama, Nirriti, Varuna, Vayu, Kubera and Ishana. 

Some of the other sculptures on the walls and Vimana include the marriage scene of Shiva and Parvati, Nataraja, Vyala and Gajakranta motifs, mithuna figures and foliage, creepers, vines and similar scroll motifs.

The Jagamohana is raised above a platform and is Pancha ratha in almost plan except for perforated windows and thick sculpted pillar. It has pyramidal roof. The plain exterior is an evidence that it was completely repaired in the beginning of the 20th century CE as the original structure fell down. 

Thanks to the erotic carvings of the temple, it is locally known as Love Temple.

Happy travelling.













October 21, 2015

Somnath

Site Name: Somnath
Site Type: Jyotirlinga shrine; holy city of Hindus
Location:  Gujarat state, India
Highlights: One of twelve Jyotirlingas; the site where Lord Krishna ended his life
Nearest Railway Station: Somnath
Nearest Airport: Rajkot, at a distance of 200 kms
How to reach: Well connected by road from all important towns/cities of Gujarat
Hotel: A lot of options across the city
Restaurants: Varieties of options across the city

Somnath is an important pilgrimage and holy city for Hindus. It is located in Gujarat state in India. The most important site in Somnath is the Jyotirlinga Shiva temple. There are other places associated with the end of Lord Krishna. Let me briefly present the descriptions of all the important sites of Somnath in this article.

Highlights:
  • One of 12 Jyotirlingas. This is the first among the Jyotirlinga shrines.
  • The temple was destroyed and built for multiple times.
  • One of the oldest pilgrimages of the Hindus. References about the site are available in Puranas.
  • The sites that are associated with the end of Lord Krishna are located in and around Somnath.
Legend:

In Satya Yuga, Soma built the temple in gold. As it was built by Soma (Chandra), the temple was named as Somnath. In Treta Yuga, the temple was rebuilt in silver by Ravan. In Dwapura Yuga, it was rebuilt in wood by Lord Krishna. In Kali Yuga, it was rebuilt in stone.

History:

Historically, the temple was built by the King Bhimadeva Solanki in the 10th century CE. He redesigned and reconstructed the existing temple. It appears that the temple was very rich. It had around 300 musicians, 500 dancing girls and around 300 barbers.

Based on the description provided by the Arab traveler named Al Biruni, Muhammed of Ghazni raided the temple in 1024 CE. He looted the temple and carried away loads of jewels and gold in camels.

The temple was again and again reconstructed and destroyed by the Hindu Kings and Muslim invaders respectively. At last, the temple was demolished in 1706 CE by Aurangazeb. With the help of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, the current structure of the temple was rebuilt in 1950 CE.

Somnath Temple:

Somnath Mahadev temple is the most important attraction of Somnath. It is one and the foremost among 12 Jyotirlingas. The current structure of the temple was built in the 1950 CE. 

The temple enshrines big Shiva Linga in the sanctum sanctorum. Few other deities like Gauri and others are also found in the main shrine. 

The huge temple is located near the sea shore. It is a pleasant experience to be there during the Pooja times by enjoying the wind from the ocean, watching the Maha aarti and listening to the sound of temple bell.

Purana Somnath Temple:

After the Somnath temple was destroyed by Aurangazeb, a new temple was constructed in the site near the original temple. That temple still exists and is named as Purana Somnath temple.

Baad Gangeshwar:

Baad Gangeshwar is a site located in the sea shore near Somnath temple where three Shiva Lingas are found in the open space. It is the site from where a poacher released arrow towards Lord Krishna which hit him and resulted in his end.

Bhalka Teerth:

Bhalka Teerth is a site located in the nearby village named Veraval. Krishna was lying here and was hit by the arrow released by a poacher from Baad Gangeshwar. There is a temple located here where Krishna is found in the sleeping posture with an arrow pierced in his leg.

Triveni Sangam:

The confluence of the rivers Hiran, Kapila and the mystic Saraswati with the Arabian Ocean is called as Triveni Sangam. It is considered as a holy site for Hindus. After hit by the arrow, Krishna arrived at this place and his life in Bhoo loka ended here. This site is called as Hari Har Teerth.

Gita Mandir:

Gita Mandir is a new temple built with white marble stones. The temple is located near the site where Lord Krishna ended his life. Even the Balram Gufa from where Balram, the elder brother of Krishna ended his life is also situated near this temple.

Surya Temple:

There is an old temple dedicated to Surya. Near that, there is a cave named Ingla Devi. It is believed that the Pandavas stayed here for about one year. It is also believed that they built five Shiva temples here.

Near this site, there is Parasuram Tapobhoomi where Parasuram carried out penance. 

People who visit Somnath should not stop merely with the visit of Somnath temple. They should visit all other little known sites of Somnath to get a complete experience of the region.

Happy travelling.



October 18, 2015

Navaneetha Krishnan Temple - Thanjavur

Site Name: Navaneetha Krishnan Temple
Site Type: Hindu temple 
Location:  Mela Masi Veethi (West Main Street), Tanjore city, Tamil Nadu state, India
Highlights: An old temple of Krishna in the locality
Nearest Railway Station: Tanjore
Nearest Airport: Trichy
How to reach: Well connected by road and rail
Hotel: A lot of options across the entire Tanjore city
Restaurants: A lot of options across the entire Tanjore city

Those who know about Thanjavur (Tanjore) city in South India know mainly about the great Brahadeeswarar Temple built by Raja Raja Chola around 1000 years back. However, there are many rare and interesting sites found across the entire city. Let us explore about an interesting temple named Navaneetha Krishnan temple in this article.

The West Main Street, which is called a Mela Masi Veethi in Tamil language, is a well known locality for the citizens of Thanjavur. If someone wants to explore Thanjavur beyond the Big temple, he/she can start with this street. Bangaru Kamakshi temple is located in this street. The very next structure of this temple is Navaneetha Krishnan temple.

Navaneetha Krishnan temple seems to be 200-300 years old temple. It is a calm and serene place. The main enshrines the beautiful idols of Krishna along with his consorts Rukmini and Satyabhama. Garud is found facing towards the main shrine.

The temple also enshrines the idols of Vishnu, Lakshmi, Andal and there is a sub-shrine for Ram,Sita, Lakshman and Hanuman. 

The temple has a small tower and has one prakara (circumabulatory passage).

Happy travelling.

Lingaraja Temple - Bhubaneswar

Site Name: Lingaraja Temple 
Site Type: Hindu ancient temple
Location:   Bhubaneswar city, Odisha state, India
Highlights: The most important and the biggest temple of Bhubaneswar; one of the most popular temples in the entire country
Nearest Railway Station: Bhubaneswar
Nearest Airport: Bhubaneswar
How to reach: Well connected by road, rail and air
Hotel: There are many options across the city
Restaurants: Varieties of options

Bhubaneswar, which is the capital city of Odisha (formerly Orissa) state of India, is called as 'the City of Temples'. It once had around 3000 temples and even today hundreds of temples are located in every nook and corner of this heritage rich city. The city is called as Ekamara Kshetra as it has so many Shiva temples. The most popular temple of Bhubaneswar is Lingaraja Temple. Let us explore this temple in detail in this article.


Highlights:
  • The biggest temple in Bhubaneswar.
  • One of the oldest temples in Bhubaneswar and in the entire state (Odisha).
  • One of the magnificent temples in entire India.
  • God Lingaraja, Harihara, Kirtivasa or Tribhuvaneswara
  • Goddess Parvati or Bhuvaneswari
  • Around 150 small and big shrines are located within the complex of Lingaraja temple.
  • Built by Somavamshi Kings in the 11th century CE.
  • The Ganga Kings made later additions to the temple
  • Located in spacious area of around 250,000 sq feet and surrounded by fortified walls.
  • The elaborately carved temple vimana rises up to 180 feet.
  • The Shiva Linga (Lingaraja) idol is very big and it is around 8 feet in diameter.
  • Built in Deula style that has four components, Vimana, Jagamohana, Natamandir and Bhoga Mandapa.
  • More than 6000 devotees visit the temple everyday.
  • 22 kinds of services are performed as part of daily poojas in this temple.

Introduction:

Lingaraja temple, the gigantic temple, is the most important landmark of Bhubaneswar city. The temple is architectural marvel, historically significant and full of beautiful sculptures. The temple attracts all sorts of people such as history enthusiasts, architects, art lovers, devotees and travelers. Whatever I write about this magnificent temple cannot be complete. It will take ages to identify each and every sculpture of this temple. Nevertheless, I will try to cover as much information as possible which cannot be found in any other sources in the internet so far.

Legend:

Brahma Purana is one of the 18 Maha Puranas. It has reference to Bhubaneswar as Ekamra Kshetra which enshrined one crore Shiva Lingas

Lingaraja is also called as Tribhuvaneswara which means the master of three worlds. Probably, the city was named as Bhubaneswar after him.

As the deity of the temple was originally under a mango tree, the site is called as Ekamra Kshetra. The word 'Ekamra' means mango tree.  

As per the legend, an underground river originating from the temple fills the Bindu Sagar tank, the famous tank of Bhubaneswar. Thus the tank became sacred and got the healing power. 

As per another legend, Lord Shiva told his consort Parvati that he liked Bhubaneswar more than even Varanasi. Parvati was eager to visit Bhubaneswar. She took the form of a cowherd woman and wandered into the city. Two demons named Kritti and Vasa were attracted by her. They troubled her to get married to them. She requested them to carry her on their shoulders. When they did so, she crushed them to the ground and killed them. She felt very tired and thirsty after killing them. Shiva created Bindu Sagar lake to quench her thirsty and thus he was named as Krittivasas, which became Kirtivasa. 

History:

Although the current structure of the temple was built in the 11th century CE, as per the evidence found in some ancient texts, this temple must have existed in some other form even in the 6th century CE or 7th century CE

The current structure of the temple was partly built by the Somavamshi Kings in the 11th century CE. Although some believe that it was the King Yayati II of Somavamshi dynasty who built this temple, there is no strong evidence for the same. The Bhoga Mandapa is a later addition. It was built in the 12th century CE. The Nata Mandir, though was built in the 11th century CE, was also a later addition. 

In the 12th century CE, the Ganga Kings started ruling this region. They were followers of Vishnu. The famous temple of Puri Jagannath was built by them. The Ganga Kings added a lot of Vaishnavite features to the temple. The idols of Jaya and Vijaya, Jagannatha, Lakshmi Narayana, Bhoo Varaha and Garuda were added by them. Along with Bilva leaves, the priests started using Tulsi leaves also for the poojas. Even the main deity who was called as Lingaraja or Kirtivasa was named as Harihara, a combination of Vishnu and Shiva. Some of the festivals similar to that of Puri temple were introduced in Lingaraja temple.  

A lot of stone inscriptions are found in this temple.

Temple Layout:

The temple complex has the main entrance in the east direction. There are other entrances in the north and south directions too. 

Lingaraja temple is the main structure in the vast temple complex.  It is built in the Deula style and has four components namely Vimana (the sanctum sanctorum), Jagamohana (the assembly hall), Nata Mandir (the dancing hall or festival hall) and Bhoga Mandapa (hall of offerings). Each hall is decreasing in height compared to its predecessor. 
The Vimana is of rekha type and it rises upto 180 feet. The Bhoga Mandapa has a pyramidal roof. The exterior walls of the hall has many decorative sculptures. The side walls of the Nata Mandir has sculptures of women and couples. The Jagamohana has a pyramidal roof and the facade to the entrance is decorated with perforated windows.Except Vimana, all other structures are of Pidha order. In front of the niche deities (Parsvadevtas) there are structures which are called as Nisha shrines. They are later additions. All the structures are Panch ratha on plan and Panchaanga bada on elevation.
The sanctum sanctorum enshrines the big Shiva Linga idol called as Lingaraja. It is a naturally formed unshaped stone (Swayambhu). The Shiva Linga is of very large size. The shrine is facing east direction.
The entrance of Jagamohana hall has the relief images of Shiva and Parvati. In the same hall, there is a separate south facing shrine dedicated to the Goddess Gauri. It is not a stone idol but a metal idol.
The Parsvadevta (niche) idols are of large size. Ganesha, Subramanya and Parvati are found as the niche deities.
The exterior walls as well as the vimana are full of architectural designs and sculptures such as Khakhara mundis, Pidha mundis, Naga and Nagini pilasters, balustrade windows, Vajra Mundi niches, miniature rekha mundis, vajramastaka motifs, scroll works, etotic image, royal figures, processions, various forms of Shiva like Ardhanareeswara and Nataraja, other deities like Kama, Bhairava, Parvati, Lakulisa, Surya, Brahma, Mahisasuramardhini, Jaya-Vijaya etc. 

Parvati Temple:

Parvati a.k.a Bhuvaneswari is the Goddess of the temple. There is a separate temple dedicated to her in this complex. The temple is architecturally beautiful. Similar to Lingaraja temple, it is also built in Deula style and has four components namely Vimana, Jagamohana, Nata Mandir and Bhoga Mandapa. The temple belongs to 13th century CE and was built by the Gangas. The sanctum sanctorum enshrines the beautiful idol of Parvati who is found in the standing posture. Although there are niches found in the exterior wall, only one Parsvadevta namely Parvati is present and the other niche idols are missing.  The exterior wall of the temple is full of designs and sculptures such as scroll works, Naga stambhas, Naga and Naginis, dancing girls, erotic figures, perforated windows, lions, miniature shrines, etc. The Vimana is of rekha type and the Jagamohana is of Pidha type.

Other Shrines:
We might be able to count the number of stars on the sky; but it may not be possible to count the number of shrine in the Lingaraja temple complex. Let me try and give the details of most of the shrines. 

Anantesvara Temple:

Deity: Baladeva, Ekanamsa Devi (Subhadra) and Krishna
Period: 13th century CE
Built by: Gangas
Structure: Rekha Vimana

Baidyanath Temple:

Deity: Baidyanath (Shiva Linga)
Period: 15th century CE
Built by: Gangas
Structure: Pidha Vimana

Bhairavesvara Temple:

Deity: None
Period: 13th century CE
Built by: Gangas
Structure: Vimana is damaged and not found; Pidha type Jagamohana; due to Ekapada Bhairava sculpture found in the Vimana, the temple is called as Bhairavesvara temple; the Jagamohana is found with a lot of designs and sculptures

Bhuvanesvari Temple:

Deity: Bhuvanesvari a.k.a. Gopalini 
Period: 12th century CE
Built by: Gangas
Structure: Khakhara Vimana and Pidha type Jagamohana

Chandesvara Temple:

Deity: Chandesvara (Shiva Linga)
Period: 12th century CE
Built by: Gangas
Structure: Rekha Vimana; exterior is full of sculptures and designs; Dwarapalakas at the doorjumb

Chitresvara Temple:

Deity: Chitresvara (Shiva Linga)
Period: 16th century CE
Built by: Suryavamshi Gajapati
Structure: Rekha Vimana

Dakshina Kali Temple:

Deity: Dakshina Kali with four arms in the standing posture
Period: 16th century CE
Built by: Suryavamshi Gajapati
Structure: Pidha Vimana

Ekadasi Mahadeva Temple:

Deity: Ekadasi Mahadeva (Shiva Linga)
Period: 15th century CE
Built byGangas
Structure: Rekha Vimana

Ekambaresvara Temple:

Deity: Ekambaresvara (Shiva Linga)
Period: 11th century CE (possibly older than the main Lingaraja temple)
Built bySomavamshi
Structure: Rekha Vimana

Ganesha Temple:

Deity: Ganesha with two arms in the sitting posture
Period: 12th century CE with some additions in the 13th century CE
Built byGangas
Structure: Rekha Vimana and Pidha Jagamohana; the exteriors and even the interiors are full of designs and sculptures; the notable sculptures are Anantasayana Vishnu and Shiva-Parvati marriage scene; the entrance has Navagraha panel; there are two Ganesha idols as niche deities (Parsvadevtas)

Gauri Shankar Temple:

Deity: Gauri Shankar (Shiva Linga) with Gauri 
Period: 14th century CE 
Built byGangas
Structure: Rekha Vimana; the upper portion is broken; Navagraha panel and Gaja Lakshmi relief image at the top of the entrance; two small Dwara palas relief images at the doorjambs; 

Guptesvara Temple:

Deity: Guptesvara (Shiva Linga) 
Period: 16th century CE 
Built bySomavamshi Gajapati
Structure: Rekha Vimana; two small Dwara palas relief images at the doorjambs; Navagraha panel at the top

Isanesvara Temple:

Deity: Isanesvara (Shiva Linga) 
Period: 16th century CE 
Built bySomavamshi Gajapati
Structure: Rekha Vimana and Pidha Jagamohana; Very beautiful niche deities (Parsvadevta) of Ganesha, Subramanya and Parvati

Kapilesvara Temple:

Deity: Kapilesvara (Shiva Linga) 
Period: 16th century CE 
Built bySomavamshi Gajapati
Structure: Pidha Vimana; very small and simple temple

Kartikeya Temple:

Deity: Kartikeya in the standing posture - a damaged idol
Period: 12th century CE 
Built bySomavamshi 
Structure: Rekha Vimana

Kasi Vishwanath Temple:

Deity: Kasi Vishwanath (Shiva Linga)
Period: 12th century CE 
Built bySomavamshi 
Structure: Rekha Vimana; Parsvadevtas (niche images) - Ganesha, Kartikeya and Parvati; dwarapalas along with Ganga and Yamuna at the doorjamb; Navagraha panel and Lakshmi at the entrance

Ladukesvara Temple:

Deity: Ladukesvara (Shiva Linga)
Period: 12th century CE 
Built byGangas
Structure: Rekha Vimana; Ganesha and Kartikeya as niche images

Lavanesvara Temple:

Deity: Lavanesvara (Shiva Linga)
Period: 12th century CE 
Built byGangas
Structure: Rekha Vimana; Ganesha and Parvati as niche images

Lakshmi Narasimha Temple:

Deity: Lakshmi Narasimha with four arms in the sitting posture (Padmasana); his upper arms hold conch and discus; flanked by Sri Devi and Bhoo Devi
Period: 14th century CE 
Built byGangas
Structure: Rekha Vimana; a beautiful Bhoo Varaha as the niche image

Mahavir Temple:

Deity: Mahavir (Hanuman) 
Period: 16th century CE 
Built bySomavamshi Gajapati
Structure: Rekha Vimana

Pasana Durga Temple:

Deity: Pasana Durga a.k.a. Kanaka Durga
Period: 16th century CE 
Built bySomavamshi Gajapati
Structure: Pidha Vimana; balustrade windows

Pataleswara Temple:

Deity: Pataleswara (Shiva Linga)
Period: 14th century CE 
Built byGangas
Structure: Rekha Vimana; miniature designs and sculptures

Pejakhia Temple:

Deity: Pejakhia (Shiva Linga)
Period: 11th century CE 
Built bySomavamshi 
Structure: Rekha Vimana; 

Ramalingeswara Temple:

Deity: Ramalingeswara (Shiva Linga)
Period: 13th century CE 
Built byGangas
Structure: Rekha Vimana; a lot of beautiful sculptures

Ram Sita Temple:

Deity: Shiva Linga along with the metal images of Ram and Sita
Period: 12th century CE 
Built bySomavamshi
Structure: Rekha Vimana

Rishaba Temple:

Deity: Rishaba (Nandi)
Period: 13th century CE 
Built byGangas
Structure: Rekha Vimana; Surya on the chariot in the balustrated window; Kartikeya image; Ganga, Yamuna, Navagraha panel and dwara palas at the doorjambs; mithuna images

Sakchi Shankar Temple:

Deity: Shiva Linga 
Period: 16th century CE 
Built bySuryavamshi Gajapati
Structure: Pidha Vimana; Navagraha panel at the top of the entrance; Gaja Lakshmi at lintel; Dwarapalas along with Ganga and Yamuna at the doorjambs

Sasthi Temple:

Deity: Sasthi Devi with four arms in the standing posture 
Period: 16th century CE 
Built bySuryavamshi Gajapati
Structure: Pidha Vimana; 

Satyanarayana Temple:

Deity: Satya Narayana with Sri Devi and Bhoo Devi on his either sides; he is found with four arms and holds conch, discus and lotus. Garud is found at his right foot. 
Period: 13th century CE 
Built byGangas
Structure: Rekha Vimana and Pidha Jagamohana 

Savitri Temple:

Deity: Savitri in the seated posture 
Period: 12th century CE 
Built byGangas
Structure: Khakhara Vimana with unique semi-cylindrical roof; Yama shrine nearby without any deity

Siddhesvara Temple:

Deity: Siddhesvara (Shiva Linga)
Period: 12th century CE 
Built byGangas
Structure: Rekha Vimana;  Gaja Lakshmi at lintel; Ganesha, Kartikeya and Parvati as the Parsvadevtas

Shiva Kali Temple:

Deity: Shiva Linga
Period: 14th century CE 
Built bySomavamshi
Structure: Rekha Vimana;  Ganesha, Kartikeya and Parvati as the Parsvadevtas

Tarakeshvara Temple:

Deity: Tarakeshvara (Shiva Linga)
Period: 14th century CE 
Built byGangas
Structure: Rekha Vimana;  Gaja Lakshmi at lintel; Ganesha, Kartikeya and Parvati as the Parsvadevtas

Tarakesvara Temple:

Deity: Tarakesvara (Shiva Linga)
Period: 14th century CE 
Built byGangas
Structure: Rekha Vimana;  Gaja Lakshmi at lintel; Ganesha, Kartikeya and Parvati as the Parsvadevtas

Ugresvara Temple:

Deity: Ugresvara (Shiva Linga)
Period: 15th century CE 
Built byGangas
Structure: Rekha Vimana and Pidha Jagamohana

Varahi Temple:

Deity: Varahi in the seated posture; four arms; holding fish and a child; sitting on the mount buffalo
Period: 11th century CE 
Built bySomavamshi
Structure: Rekha Vimana 

Vishnu Temple:

Deity: None
Period: 15th century CE 
Built byGangas
Structure: Pidha Vimana 

Vishwakarma Temple:

Deity: Shiva Linga (locally worshiped as Vishwakarma); Vishwakarma painting is also found
Period: 12th century CE 
Built byGangas
Structure: Rekha Vimana 

Apart from the temples mentioned above, there are so many small  temples dedicated to Shiva Linga. There is no specific name for some of these deities and all of them are merely called as 'Shiva'. Some of them are named as Ramanath, Kedareswar, Nageshwar, etc. Many of these temples belong to 16th century CE and were built by the Somavamshi Gajapati rulers. Some of them belong to 14th or 15th century CE and were built by the Gangas.

There are few temples without any deities but are believed to be Vishnu temples. They belong to 13th century CE and were built by the Gangas.

There are also few ruined Shiva temples with or without Shiva Linga idols that belong to 13th or 14th century CE and were built by the Gangas.

Festivals:

Shivaratri is the main festival celebrated in this temple. Thousands of devotees throng to the temple during the celebrations. 
Chandan Yatra is a 22 days festival celebrated every year. 
The car festival is also very popular. The deity is taken in the chariot till Rameshwar Deula temple. 
Happy travelling.